Perched over a mountain high the Tawang Chhu natural depression is that the Tawang cloister conjointly called Galden Namgyal Lhatse is that the birthplace of the sixth Dalai Lama. This cloister established by Mera Lama Lodre Gyatso within the seventeenth century, is taken into account united of the largest monasteries of the Mahayana sect in Asia. It conjointly finds a vital place within the social and spiritual lives of the Monpas. This fortified complicated is documented for housing many lamas and conjointly for housing the attractive eight.3 m high Golden Buddha in a very 3 high-rise auditorium (Dukung). Aside from this the cloister conjointly has several murals, idols and thanks that square measure equally lovely. The library during this complicated has many valuable sculptures, manuscripts, written and written books. The institution of the Lama incarnate-Rinpoche housed during this library may be a major feature. The cloister presently belongs to Gelugpa College. Other than being a serene spiritual place with many lovely parts, the Tawang cloister is additionally documented for hosting the most important annual festivals of Losar, Dungyur and Torgya.
Another distinguished structure of the cloister is that the ‘Court’, settled at the rear of the Gompa (monastery). The stone block court hosts spiritual dances and alternative ceremonies, control in step with the calendar of Monpa. On the western aspect of the court lies a 3 storied building, called ‘Par-Khang’, the library. The Par Khang homes various sacred scriptures and Buddhist texts. A 2 storied structure is found on the southern aspect of the court, with its one half storing the monks’ provisions, whereas the another one being occupied by Dra-Tsang Buk and his associates. Lastly, on the jap aspect of the court is found Rhum-Khang, a two-storied structure. The Rhum-Khang is employed for cookery sacred food on the rituals and refreshment for the monks on joyous days.
The ‘Sha’ or hut (60 in number) is another necessary structure of the cloister, used as residential quarters by the monks. The Centre for Buddhist Cultural Studies is AN integral a part of the cloister, and act as a learning centre for the young monks, World Health Organization square measure instructed ancient monastic education beside many subjects like English, Hindi, and Arithmetic etc.