In one sense, Puri is synonymous, with Jagannatha and the other way around. For over a century previous, history specialists, outside and Indian, have been attempting to’ uncover the secret of the three divinities to be specific, Jagannatha, Balabhadra and Subhadra loved in the Puri sanctuary. In any case, the achievement they have accomplished is practically irrelevant. All the same, the conventional powers unequivocally hold that Jagannatha is maybe as old as human progress. The relic of Jagannatha is such a great amount of covered in puzzle that it might take numerous more years for researchers to touch base at any unmistakable conclusion. There are a number old works in Sanskrit which sing the glories of Odisha by and large and of Puri specifically. An entry is much of the time cited from the Rig Veda and clarified in the light of the outstanding critique of Sayana to demonstrate that the historical backdrop of Jagannatha goes back to the age of the Rig Veda itself.
The Puranas (Voluminous works in Sanskrit containing records of old Indian history, culture, mythology, reasoning, religion, and so on.) present expand accounts relating to the beginning of Jagannatha in a climate of puzzle and heavenly motivation. Noticeable among the Puranas are the Skanda Purana, the Brahma Purana and the Narada Purana. Indeed, even in the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, there are references to the Shreene of Jagannatha. The Pandavas of the Mahabharata are accepted to have come here and offered love to Jagannatha. ,A few researchers hold that even Jesus Christ and Mohammed, the originators of Christianity and Islam separately likewise went by Puri. Be that as it may, the accuracy of such a view is yet to be built up.
Truly, the vestige of Jagannatha can be taken to the second century B.C.when Kharavela was the head of Kalinga (the old name of Odisha). There is the specify of one Jinasana in the noteworthy Hatigumpha engraving of the sovereign on the highest point of Udayagiri slopes close Bhubaneswar and however it obviously talks about a Jaina divinity, it is regularly related to Jagannatha. In any case, dependable materials in verifiable shape are accessible from the ninth century A.D. at the point when Sankaracarya went to Puri and established the Govardhana Matha as the eastern dhama of India.
Where every one of the four Mathas has been built up by Sankara is known by the commended name of dhama which actually implies, a consecrated place. Puri is the dhama of eastern India. It is the customary conviction that a Hindu ought to visit these four dhamas in any event once in his life and the predominant practice is that, in the wake of going by the other three dhamas, one must visit Puri dhama. The records kept up by the Pandas in the Puri sanctuary contain solid materials to demonstrate that for a considerable length of time past, individuals from the entire of India have been going by Puri in course of their journey.